The U.S. transmission grid is going through the unprecedented problem of a shifting technology portfolio stemming from huge additions of intermittent renewable vitality.
Nevertheless, there’s a critical subject concerning transmission growth plans: The method of constructing new technology occurs a lot quicker than constructing new transmission. Which means makes an attempt to alleviate congestion or ship energy to a brand new space can generally have unintended penalties.
Ameren’s new 100-mile, 345-kilovolt transmission line within the area overseen by the Midcontinent Unbiased System Operator, dubbed the Mark Twain Transmission Challenge, is the newest instance of the challenges regional transmission organizations face in the case of the shifting grid within the Midwest.
MISO Transmission Upgrades and Era Retirements
Supply: U.S. Vitality Info Administration
New wind capability and coal retirements
The Mark Twain undertaking was conceived to permit extra wind capability from Iowa and Missouri to journey east into Illinois on the Marblehead transformer. Wind farms within the space had been injecting zero-marginal-cost energy into the grid close to Palmyra and inflicting new patterns of transmission congestion. Ameren started building on the road in Might 2018, and it formally went into service on December 19, 2019.
When the Mark Twain undertaking was first proposed in 2011, nameplate wind technology capability in MISO was just below 10 gigawatts. By the tip of 2018, wind technology capability in MISO had reached 18.2 gigawatts.
The Marblehead transformer is without doubt one of the most constrained areas in MISO, positioned in part of the grid that bottlenecks the quantity of wind technology that may circulate from Iowa and Missouri into Illinois.
The addition of the Mark Twain line additionally occurs to coincide with the retirements of 4 Illinois coal vegetation totaling over 2 gigawatts of capability: Coffeen, Havana, Hennepin and Duck Creek. The primary three retirements occurred in August 2019, and the ultimate plant, Duck Creek, retired on December 13 — simply days earlier than the brand new line was scheduled to going into service.
The latter three vegetation offered reactive energy to the Marblehead transformer. With the retirement of those vegetation, the grid is poised to be thrown out of stability as further energy flows over these traces and instantly by way of the Marblehead transformer.
On excessive wind days in Iowa and Missouri, energy from new wind capability within the area will circulate towards Marblehead through the brand new line — making the bottleneck worse and inflicting congestion. In different phrases, fast wind improvement since 2011, mixed with the retirement of a number of main coal vegetation, means the brand new Mark Twain undertaking will trigger further congestion at Marblehead even because it eases congestion points close to Palmyra.
The elevated congestion will end in giant worth discrepancies between areas, disincentivizing new wind farm improvement in Iowa and Missouri and inflicting a much less environment friendly dispatch of technology.
One of the best-laid plans
Upgrades much like the Mark Twain undertaking are vital to permit new wind energy in rural areas to effectively attain giant cities the place it’s wanted.
Nevertheless, this undertaking illustrates the difficulties of sustaining an environment friendly and dependable grid within the face of quickly increasing intermittent wind and photo voltaic capability. Regional transmission organizations function aggressive markets, and as new low-cost wind, photo voltaic, and fuel technology proceed to cost out older and dearer coal technology, circulate patterns and congestion will proceed to vary.
In the meantime, storage and good grid expertise proceed to advance, which can alleviate the necessity to construct out sure transmission expansions. Planning for brand new transmission should take these adjustments into consideration.
Elliot Gordon is an influence analyst with Genscape, a part of Wooden Mackenzie. Elliot works with Genscape’s real-time energy plant output and transmission circulate knowledge.
MicroActivist Founder & Amnesty International Gen Z Survey — Young People Committed To Stopping Climate Change & Plastic Pollution | CleanTechnica
February 26th, 2020 by Cynthia Shahan
Due to so many younger activists, the world is seen extra actually via their phrases and actions. These inspiring youngsters don’t have time for denial. They’ve work to do, and so they do it. One among my favorites is Connor, MicroActivist’s founder. He’s a toddler activist who has touched my coronary heart. “Connor the MicroActivist is like the subsequent era Jacques Cousteau … with a message that must be heard!”
“Individuals shield what they love.”
— Jacques Cousteau
Thanks once more, Connor. Relating to the subject of plastic, and one significantly absurd case, he requested the next on instagram:
Not everybody can get to the native out-of-the-way farm stand, however it shouldn’t be arduous to purchase natural with out including a pound of plastics.
Connor, Greta, and so many extra younger activists mild the mind-set extra clearly, extra considerately, of our current second, and the place to spend our cash. Can we wrap our presents in handwoven fabric? Can we store on the retailer that discerns between plastic and glass? Can we contemplate strolling, bicycling, or driving a car from an organization that discerns between contemporary air and exhaust?
Local weather change ranks highest as important difficulty of our time – Technology Z survey | Amnesty Internationalhttps://t.co/6fgk7xOSE9
— Amnesty Worldwide @ Arden College (@au_amnesty) December 11, 2019
A latest world survey by Amnesty Worldwide highlights the wrestle with consciousness and local weather change. It finds that issues of ecology/local weather lead as essentially the most generally cited concern amongst younger adults. The rest of this text is that replace from Amnesty Worldwide.
Local weather change was essentially the most generally cited amongst most necessary points going through the world, in a survey of greater than 10,000 younger folks
Younger folks dwelling inside a “failed system,” warns Amnesty Worldwide
Leaders are “betraying a era” until they act now
“This can be a wake-up name to world leaders that they need to take way more decisive motion to deal with the local weather emergency or danger betraying youthful generations additional.” — Kumi Naidoo
Local weather change is without doubt one of the most necessary points going through the world, in accordance with a serious new survey of younger folks printed by Amnesty Worldwide in the present day to mark Human Rights Day.
With the findings printed as governments meet in Spain for the UN Local weather Change Convention, the group warns that world leaders’ failure to handle the local weather change disaster has left them out of step with younger folks.
“On this yr when younger folks mobilised in big numbers for the local weather, it may be no shock that lots of these surveyed noticed it as one of the crucial necessary points going through the world,” mentioned Kumi Naidoo, Secretary Basic of Amnesty Worldwide.
“For younger folks the local weather disaster is without doubt one of the defining challenges of their age. This can be a wake-up name to world leaders that they need to take way more decisive motion to deal with the local weather emergency or danger betraying youthful generations additional.”
Ipsos MORI, on behalf of Amnesty Worldwide, questioned greater than 10,000 folks aged 18-25-year olds — also called Technology Z — in 22 international locations for the “Way forward for humanity” survey.
They had been requested for his or her opinions on the present state of human rights of their nation and the world, which points they really feel are most necessary and who they really feel is answerable for addressing human rights abuses.
Respondents had been requested to choose as much as 5 points from a listing of 23 main points going through the world. In whole, 41% of respondents mentioned local weather change was one of the crucial necessary points going through the world, making it essentially the most generally cited globally, adopted by 36% who selected air pollution and 31% who chosen terrorism.
“As we mark Human Rights Day, we have to recognise that the local weather disaster will arguably be the defining difficulty for youthful generations.” — Kumi Naidoo
World warming was additionally mostly cited as one of the crucial necessary environmental points going through the world (57%), out of 10 environmental points akin to ocean air pollution, air air pollution and deforestation.
“As we mark Human Rights Day, we have to recognise that the local weather disaster will arguably be the defining difficulty for youthful generations. The fitting to a wholesome setting, together with a protected local weather, is important for the enjoyment of so many different rights. It’s a proper that younger folks in the present day have been pressured to take the lead in asserting,” mentioned Kumi Naidoo.
Technology Z “dwelling inside a failed system”
“The local weather disaster, air pollution, corruption and poor dwelling requirements are all home windows on an alarming reality about how the highly effective have exploited their energy for egocentric and sometimes short-term achieve.” — Kumi Naidoo
Nonetheless, the survey’s findings lengthen nicely past the local weather disaster, reflecting the on a regular basis struggles and issues going through Technology Z in their very own international locations.
At a nationwide stage corruption was mostly cited as one of the crucial necessary points (36%), adopted by financial instability (26%), air pollution (26%), revenue inequality (25%), local weather change (22%) and violence in opposition to ladies (21%).
“This era lives in a world of widening inequality, financial instability and austerity the place huge numbers of individuals have been left behind,” mentioned Kumi Naidoo.
“Confronted with all this, the message from younger folks is evident. We live inside a failed system. The local weather disaster, air pollution, corruption and poor dwelling requirements are all home windows on an alarming reality about how the highly effective have exploited their energy for egocentric and sometimes short-term achieve.”
The survey’s findings come at a time of widespread mass protests all over the world, from Algeria to Chile, Hong Kong, Iran, Lebanon, and Sudan. Many of those actions have been largely led by younger folks and college students, who’ve angrily referred to as out corruption, inequality, and abuse of energy and confronted violent repression for doing so.
“Amnesty Worldwide believes that younger folks wish to see systemic transformations. They need a reckoning with the local weather emergency, with the abuse of energy. They wish to see a very completely different future blossoming as an alternative of the wreckage that we’re heading in direction of,” mentioned Kumi Naidoo.
Name for system change constructed on human rights
“If the occasions of 2019 train us something, it’s that youthful generations deserve a seat on the desk with regards to selections about them.” — Kumi Naidoo
Alongside local weather change, a transparent majority of younger folks worth human rights on the whole and wish to see their governments take most accountability to guard them, in accordance with the findings of the “Way forward for humanity” survey.
The vast majority of survey respondents agreed that:
the safety of human rights is prime to the way forward for the international locations examined (73% agree vs 11% disagree);
governments ought to take the wellbeing of their residents extra severely than financial development (63% agree vs 13% disagree); and
human rights should be protected, even when it has a damaging influence on the economic system (60% agree vs 15% disagree).
The findings additionally revealed an unequivocal perception amongst many younger folks throughout each nation surveyed that governments ought to take most accountability for making certain human rights are upheld, with 73% of respondents in whole selecting governments over people (15%), companies (6%) and charities (4%).
Coupled with the outcomes that present that almost all younger folks imagine voting in elections is an efficient technique for initiating human rights change, over and above occurring strike or attending a protest, the outcomes weren’t all dangerous information for leaders who’re “prepared to pay attention.”
“If the leaders of the world are prepared to pay attention rigorously, they may discover that Technology Z aren’t asking for small tweaks. Younger persons are on the lookout for elementary modifications in the best way the world works. If leaders fail to take that severely, they danger betraying a era,” mentioned Kumi Naidoo.
“If the occasions of 2019 train us something, it’s that youthful generations deserve a seat on the desk with regards to selections about them. Until the voices of these on the frontlines are a part of the dialogue on how we deal with the challenges going through humanity, the crises we’re witnessing on the earth will solely worsen.
“Above all, governments should start the brand new decade with significant motion to handle the local weather emergency, cut back inequality and put in place real reforms to finish abuses of energy. We’d like systemic modifications, constructed on human-rights, to the financial and political techniques which have introduced us to the brink.”
Featured picture by Cynthia Shahan. Bees are farmers’/growers’ mates and mates of anybody who eats meals.
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In regards to the Creator
Cynthia Shahan Cynthia Shahan began writing after beforehand doing analysis and publishing work on pure start practices. (A number of unrelated publications) That result in her consciousness that she was extra of intuitive perceptive thinker. She studied and practiced each Waldorf schooling, and Montessori schooling, mom of 4 unconditionally loving spirits, academics, and environmentally acutely aware beings born with religious insights and ethics past this world. (She was capable of advance extra on this method led by her youngsters.)
The Solar Industry’s New Power Player: Oil Majors
A spate of current acquisitions has left European oil and fuel majors poised to turn out to be leaders within the photo voltaic market — with offshore wind additionally a rising focus.
The highest tier of photo voltaic asset homeowners worldwide might change dramatically over the following 12 months because of the fast ascent of quite a lot of oil and fuel firms, mentioned Tom Heggarty, principal analyst within the vitality transition apply at Wooden Mackenzie.
France’s Complete, which controls SunPower and already had round three gigawatts of renewable technology property earlier than shopping for right into a 2.1-gigawatt PV portfolio this month, will nearly actually be one in all photo voltaic vitality’s largest asset holders. BP, Galp and Shell might additionally rank among the many dozen or so main photo voltaic mills, Heggarty mentioned.
The oil and fuel sector’s assault on the photo voltaic market is made simpler by the truth that PV asset possession is extremely fragmented. The highest 10 asset holders globally management round 10 p.c of the 600 gigawatts or so of capability put in worldwide.
Outdoors China, there are solely a few dozen firms on this planet with greater than a gigawatt of photo voltaic capability underneath possession. On the finish of 2018, the most important photo voltaic asset holder on this planet outdoors of China was NextEra Power, with some 4.5 gigawatts.
For comparability, Complete’s photo voltaic portfolio at the moment quantities to round 1.6 gigawatts. However in January, the French agency introduced it could be constructing an 800-megawatt photo voltaic plant in Qatar, in collaboration with Marubeni.
And earlier this month, the oil main added a 2-gigawatt photo voltaic pipeline in Spain to its books. This run of acquisitions will make Complete not solely one of many largest photo voltaic firms on this planet but additionally some of the geographically numerous, with property throughout some 15 nations.
“There aren’t many firms that may match that geographical unfold,” Heggarty mentioned.
Complete seems to have made photo voltaic the centerpiece of a technique to stand up to 20 p.c of its revenues from low-carbon companies by 2040. However different European oil firms are transferring aggressively into the area too.
BP, which has mentioned it desires to turn out to be a net-zero carbon emitter by 2050, is already co-owner in one of many largest photo voltaic asset holders on this planet due to its three way partnership Lightsource BP, which goals to put in 10 gigawatts by 2023.
Galp Energia, the Portuguese oil firm, which final month went straight into the highest tier of photo voltaic gamers in Spain, Europe’s largest PV market, after paying $2.Four billion for 900 megawatts of operational property and a pipeline anticipated to yield an extra 2 gigawatts by 2023.
Shell is increasing its photo voltaic footprint in areas such because the U.S., the place it owns developer Silicon Ranch, and Australia, the place it has a stake in Esco Pacific.
Eni, of Italy, owns 49 p.c of Falck Renewables’ 1 gigawatt U.S. photo voltaic pipeline and has 80 megawatts throughout 13 Italian vegetation.
Equinor, the Norwegian oil and fuel group, owns simply over 15 p.c of the PV developer Scatec Photo voltaic, which has 1.9 gigawatts of capability in operation or underneath development.
Repsol, one other oil firm with net-zero emissions ambitions, is constructing a number of hundred megawatts of PV in Spain.
Oil firms transferring on the wind market
A number of of those European oil gamers are additionally transferring decisively into wind, one other comparatively fragmented market, with round 20 p.c of worldwide capability belonging to the highest 10 asset homeowners.
Attaining management positions in onshore wind may be a stretch for oil firms within the brief time period, however Equinor and Shell have already got massive designs within the offshore market.
In line with Feng Zhao, technique director on the World Wind Power Council, Equinor has greater than 320 megawatts of offshore wind capability within the water and is engaged on a pipeline of 6 gigawatts, 4.6 gigawatts of which must be put in by 2025.
Shell, in the meantime, has greater than 120 megawatts in operation and a 2025 pipeline of 1.eight gigawatts.
These pipelines would give Equinor and Shell round 6 p.c of the world’s put in offshore wind capability in 2025, based mostly on market progress forecasts from the Worldwide Renewable Power Company.
Complete can also be transferring into offshore wind, final 12 months bidding — unsuccessfully — for a lease in France after which unveiling plans to maneuver into the U.Ok. market.
When will American oil firms comply with go well with?
For all their current investments, oil and fuel firms’ investments in renewables stay minuscule in comparison with what they spend total. David Doherty, an oil specialist on the analyst agency BloombergNEF, mentioned most majors are preoccupied with diversification into areas that might defend their core enterprise. The sector is investing closely in downstream operations throughout the Gulf Coast, he mentioned.
For a similar motive, nearly all main oil firms have acquired stakes in electrical car charging startups, with a view to holding onto gas-station enterprise within the transition to carbon-free mobility.
Solely European oil companies have been compelled to purchase into renewables within the face of rising shareholder stress, he mentioned. U.S. gamers corresponding to Conoco and Exxon, which get pleasure from a extra hands-off regulatory and shareholder local weather, seem like adopting a wait-and-see technique.
Nonetheless, Doherty mentioned, the scenario might change quickly, inflicting U.S. majors to affix the oil and fuel land seize for renewable vitality. A win for a progressive Democrat on this November’s U.S. elections “would put the concern into any Conoco or Exxon govt,” he mentioned.
Top 10 Gut Health Podcasts You Must Follow in 2020
1. The Microbiome Report
Cleveland, Ohio, United States About Podcast Our objective is to create the go-to podcast about every part microbiome. By means of interviews with main microbiome specialists, we’ll distill the newest analysis into relatable recommendation on optimizing your intestine well being. Frequency 1 episode / month Since Nov 2018 Podcast biohmhealth.com/pages/the-mi..
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2. SIBO Made Easy
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Fb followers 6.6K ⋅ Twitter followers 6.4K ⋅ Instagram Followers 25.7K ⋅ Social Engagement 5ⓘ ⋅ Area Authority 54ⓘ ⋅ Alexa Rank 268.1Kⓘ
3. Intestine Well being Gurus Podcast
Australia About Podcast For those who’re fascinated by all issues to intestine well being, the gut-brain connection, mitochondrial well being, the microbiome, fermented meals, biohacking, optimum well being & wellness, and longevity then this podcast is for you. The Intestine Well being Gurus podcast dropped at you by Meals Scientist & Registered Nutritionist, Kriben Govender. He understands the meals provide chain and the interplay between weight-reduction plan and the intestine microbiome. He has personally visited greater than 100 meals processing websites the world over. Frequency 1 episode / month Since Aug 2018 Podcast podcast.nourishmeorganics.co..
Fb followers 40.5K ⋅ Twitter followers 1.5K ⋅ Instagram Followers 18.2K ⋅ Social Engagement 43ⓘ ⋅ Area Authority 32ⓘ ⋅ Alexa Rank 952.3Kⓘ
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Tucson, Arizona, United States About Podcast Are you struggling to revive your intestine to good well being? Hear host Lindsey Parsons interview practical and integrative medication professionals, sufferers and scientists concerning the intestine microbiome. Hear sufferers discuss their experiences with fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) each in clinics and do-it-yourself and the way it impacted their intestine points. Study concerning the intestine microbiome’s affect not simply on digestive well being, however on cardiovascular well being, psychological well being, autoimmune illnesses, pores and skin circumstances, and obese/weight problems. Frequency 1 episode / week Since Nov 2018 Podcast highdeserthealthcoaching.com..
Fb followers 447 ⋅ Twitter followers 50 ⋅ Area Authority 16ⓘ ⋅
5. Love & Guts
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia About Podcast Your host Lynda Griparic is a naturopath, nutritionist and yoga trainer with an avid and generally awkward curiosity in all issues digestive well being, particularly bowel actions and the clever communication programs that exist within the physique. Love and Guts discover all issues mind-set, mind well being, digestive well being, pooping patterns, connection, communication and a lot extra. The Podcast helps folks overcome constipation, SIBO and intestine complaints. Frequency 1 episode / week Since Feb 2018 Podcast lyndagriparic.com/podcast
Fb followers 1.9K ⋅ Twitter followers 70 ⋅ Area Authority 24ⓘ ⋅ Alexa Rank 3.5Mⓘ
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7. Sensible Digestion Radio
Detroit, Michigan, United States About Podcast Dr. Christine Kaczmar discusses all issues well being, wellness, weight-reduction plan, and vitamin. Her observe is in Shelby Township, Michigan. She focuses on pure options for digestive stress, diarrhea, unfastened stools, constipation, liver toxicity, and many others. Frequency 1 episode / week Since Jan 2013 Podcast thedigestiondoctor.com/podcasts
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About Podcast Are you captivated with weight-reduction plan and way of life intervention? Or possibly you simply wish to study extra concerning the affect of your intestine micro organism in your well being. Podcast deep dives into the quickly growing space of the human microbiome, particularly the intestine, to debate evidence-based, scientific analysis on weight-reduction plan and way of life intervention to helps intestine well being and clear psoriasis. Frequency 2 episodes / quarter Since Sep 2019 Podcast fuelforhealth.co.uk/podcast
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9. Butts & Guts | Digestive Well being Podcast
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10. The Holy Intestine Well being Podcast: Answering Your Questions About Intestine Well being
Moonee Ponds, Victoria, Australia About Podcast The Holy Intestine Well being podcast discusses all facets of intestine well being, with a concentrate on FMT (Faecal Microbiota Transplant) and likewise liver well being. Gastroenterologist, Dr. Nathan Connelly and Mrs. Nicole Starbuck-Connelly of the Moonee Valley Specialist Centre can reply your questions on intestine well being circumstances corresponding to IBS, SIBO, Leaky Intestine Syndrome, Autoimmune illness and extra. Frequency 5 episodes / 12 months Since Mar 2019 Podcast guthealth.libsyn.com
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