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Opinion | You Care More About Your Privacy Than You Think

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It feels acceptable to begin with what’s now my commonplace caveat, from a safety skilled: “No matter you do on-line, function with the idea that each image, e-mail, communication will likely be in the future made public on a giant bulletin board.” Now, that’s to not disgrace or prudishly counsel that one shouldn’t try romantic escapades in our on-line world. That’s your name. Nonetheless, the web is held along with duct tape, and should you’re severe about safety, it’s good to know the dangers up entrance.

First, Vice has a information to sexting from 2017, which you may need to take take a look at. Among the many essential concerns within the piece: setting clear partner-consent pointers, each for the exercise itself and for a way you’re going to save lots of (or not save) the movies, pictures, textual content that you just generate. For instance, even when the chat is safe, it’s fairly troublesome to be 100 p.c sure that the individual on the opposite finish isn’t screenshotting what you’re sending over. In the end, because the Vice information notes, one of the simplest ways to guard your privateness whereas sexting is to do it with people you belief and by setting clear pointers and expectations for the expertise.

Once I posed this query on Twitter, I obtained a good quantity of snark (“A shared Google doc, because the Founders meant,” one consumer replied) but in addition a couple of good strategies. For stay video, The Sign app has encrypted video calling. Its end-to-end encryption provides a dependable quantity of safety that no third events will likely be listening in (however once more, it’s value repeating that you may by no means management who could be within the different room on the opposite finish of the gadget). The identical goes for the iPhone’s FaceTime, which provides encryption baked into the video calls. Skype additionally has a “Personal Conversations” function.

For exchanging messages forwards and backwards, end-to-end encrypted chat apps supply safety from third events however can’t shield you from a associate who may screenshot the content material. Snapchat provides some respectable protections in that it notifies you when any individual has screenshotted your message (it additionally alerts when any individual is utilizing display recording on iOS), in order that could be your greatest wager.

In relation to storing any “user-generated content material” from a consensual session, watch out to guard that information. Cloud storage isn’t 100 p.c secure, and should you depart your units hanging round, you’ll need to use a safe storage app to ensure that co-workers, siblings, youngsters or unsuspecting interlopers don’t see something stunning. The Vice information suggests Disckreet.

In the end, you’ll want to guage the choices for your self and select the trail that feels most snug for you and your associate. Even essentially the most safe platforms can fall sufferer to leaks, hacks or bugs. Speak it out along with your associate, assess the dangers and be aware of the digital path you’re creating (the web has an extended reminiscence). And have enjoyable!

There’s a really regarding story growing concerning a cyberattack that has uncovered 1000’s of photos of vacationers and license plates saved by the Customs and Border Safety company.

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First-class air travel is in decline

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DUBAI IS OFTEN known as a “Disneyland for the wealthy”. On the metropolis’s airport the three first-class lounges of Emirates, the United Arab Emirates’ flag-carrier, don’t disappoint. Each is as huge because the terminal’s concourse, constructed to accommodate 1000’s of passengers. However day by day solely 100 or so enter every first-class lounge. As an alternative of the overpriced fast-food on supply within the public concourse, a maze of eating places and bars serve free caviar and champagne. Of their duty-free sections no knock-off cigarettes or booze are in sight. Assume as an alternative Bulgari necklaces and whisky at $25,000 a bottle. The power is so giant, its supervisor admits, that the most typical response heard from new arrivals is, “Oh my God, the place is the lounge?”

But the rows of a whole bunch of empty armchairs counsel that one thing will not be fairly proper. Airways are falling out of affection with firstclass. And that’s true even of Emirates, which sells way more first-class tickets than every other provider (see chart 1). The time to launch new first-class choices is at ITB Berlin, the world’s largest commerce present for the journey trade, which opened on March sixth. At this occasion in 2017 Emirates unveiled a brand new onboard bar and lounge for its highest-paying passengers. The identical yr its huge rival within the Gulf, Qatar Airways, launched the world’s first skyborne double-beds. However the temper has modified. Final yr Emirates stopped attending the present in any respect.

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The decline of first-class air journey appears at first look stunning. Amenities onboard have by no means been so good. On its A380 superjumbos, Emirates firstclass offers in-flight showers. Furthermore, the variety of very wealthy individuals has risen sharply. Forbes, {a magazine}, estimates that the inventory of billionaires has doubled to greater than 2,100 over the previous twenty years. And the remainder of the luxury-travel enterprise is booming. Richard Clarke of Bernstein, a analysis agency, estimates that the variety of luxurious accommodations in Asia might enhance by as a lot as 168% over the following decade.

Even so, many analysts predict that firstclass will quickly disappear. In America it’s already nearly extinct. Ten or so years in the past nearly all the numerous a whole bunch of long-haul plane primarily based there provided first-class seating; now solely about 20 do. Elsewhere on the planet an rising variety of airways, together with Turkish Airways and Air New Zealand, have already scrapped it fully. On nearly all of the most-travelled long-haul routes the variety of first-class seats obtainable has fallen sharply up to now decade (see chart 2). Even the airways that promote essentially the most first-class fares are curbing their enthusiasm. The variety of first-class seats has been slashed from 14 to 11 on Emirates’ superjumbos and from 12 to 6 on these flown by Singapore Airways.

When industrial aviation received going after the second world struggle there was just one class: first. Financial system appeared within the 1950s. It was adopted within the 1970s by enterprise class and within the 1990s by premium economic system, to fill the hole between enterprise and cattle class.

Regardless of the proliferation of cheaper seats, airways nonetheless make quite a lot of their cash from the dearer ones. Emirates claims that first- and business-class passengers are 12% of the overall however generate about 40% of its turnover. Excessive demand for flat beds on transatlantic flights is what has saved European flag-carriers reminiscent of British Airways (BA), Air France and Lufthansa from going out of enterprise. Ross Harvey of Davy, a stockbroker, factors out that transatlantic low-cost airways which have tried to supply simply economic system or premium-economy seats, reminiscent of Norwegian and WOW, have struggled to earn cash.

Airline bosses are acutely apprehensive concerning the decline in demand for firstclass. However they’ve themselves partly in charge. The trade has disrupted itself, factors out Geoffrey Weston of Bain & Firm, a consultancy. On short-haul flights, the low-cost mannequin has received. Most “first-class” passengers on these routes now sit in seats with the identical legroom as economic system passengers, albeit with an empty center seat, and make do with extras reminiscent of lounge entry, and food and drinks.

On longer routes, new seats that become absolutely flat beds have been a game-changer. These have been initially launched by BA in firstclass in 1995, and far wanted. If travellers can sleep comfortably within the sky, they will save the price of a resort or, extra importantly for time-pressed company warriors, a day’s working time. Nevertheless, in 2000BA launched the same seat in enterprise, and most carriers have adopted go well with. That has weakened the case for flying firstclass. Most firms suppose a flat mattress in enterprise class is sweet sufficient for his or her staff. Only some honchos are allowed to take pleasure in firstclass on the corporate dime, says Greeley Koch of the Affiliation of Company Journey Executives, a commerce group.

Altering attitudes among the many very wealthy are additionally sapping demand. Over the previous decade the variety of billionaires has grown quickest in China, India and the tech hubs of America. However many self-made tycoons need their youngsters to have the “regular” middle-class upbringings they themselves had, says Charlotte Vangsgaard of ReD Associates, a consultancy. So that they ebook themselves and their households into enterprise, or typically economic system, moderately than first.

Airways that supply firstclass say they nonetheless achieve this for 2 important causes. The primary is to make use of upgrades from enterprise class as an incentive for loyalty from each company and particular person clients. However because the hole between enterprise and first has narrowed, frequent flyers have begun to reply higher to different incentives, reminiscent of entry to lounges or to particular hotlines.

The second motive for sustaining firstclass can also be weakening. That’s what Samuel Engel of ICF, one other consultancy, calls the “halo impact” an airline creates by promoting first-class services. In different phrases, flyers start to suppose economic system on Emirates, say, is fancier than on different airways by affiliation with options in its firstclass, reminiscent of in-flight showers. This may be an efficient advertising instrument. As an illustration, Etihad, a rival to Emirates within the Gulf, has most likely had extra press protection for its onboard first-class residences known as “The Residence”, of which it has solely ten, than all its 30,000 different seats mixed.

Many airways, nevertheless, are now not satisfied by this argument and have slimmed down their first-class choices. One such is Air France-KLM, whose chief govt in 2014, Alexandre de Juniac, claimed that firstclass was “little greater than a expensive advertising gimmick” and that “nobody makes cash out of it”.

But some nonetheless do, significantly Emirates. One benefit it has is that it could possibly mix visitors from numerous locations utilizing its hub in Dubai. This helps it make firstclass viable on routes the place it’d in any other case battle to draw first-class passengers. Consequently, over 90% of its first-class bookings are paid for, moderately than free upgrades.

Why do some passengers nonetheless need to fly first moderately than enterprise? Privateness is one motive, says Sir Tim Clark, the airline’s president. Smaller cabins and walled-off seats make it simpler for a star to fly unnoticed by fellow passengers who may in any other case tweet unflattering footage of them drooling of their sleep. One other is flexibility. First-class passengers need to sleep and eat after they select, not on a timetable set by cabin crew, as typically occurs in enterprise class, says Joost Heymeijer, head of Emirates Inflight Catering.

However even Emirates’ first- and business-class gross sales are threatened by personal jets. These let executives keep away from the look ahead to a scheduled flight. It’s also a lot faster to go by safety in a private-jet terminal than an airport. And in America ten occasions as many airports are open to personal jets as can be found for the larger plane airways use. Furthermore, govt jets have gotten cheaper in relative phrases, says Adam Twidell of PrivateFly, a private-jet reserving service. New shared-ownership and ride-hailing companies enable the price of a non-public jet to be unfold over many customers.

The rise of the personal jet could also be excellent news for bigwigs speeding to conferences. However it’s unhealthy information for the atmosphere. The World Financial institution estimates that first- and business-class passengers on a narrow-body jet already generate between 2.5 and 6 occasions extra carbon emissions per particular person than the poor saps crammed into a budget seats. Non-public jets, clearly, are worse. A half-filled personal jet is roughly 5 occasions dirtier than enterprise class and 12 occasions dirtier than economic system on short-haul routes.

A brand new breed of supersonic govt jets might be much more polluting. The Worldwide Council on Clear Transportation, a think-tank, estimates that their emissions might be 5 to seven occasions better than for normal jets. Growth, one of many startups hoping to supply these jets, has forecast that as much as 2,000 such supersonic plane might be constructed by 2035.

One other development that would hasten the tip of the arms race in first-class services is the shift in direction of smaller passenger jets. On February 14th Airbus, maker of the A380 superjumbo, introduced that it’s going to cease manufacturing of recent ones from 2021. This plane’s bulbous fuselage left area that may very well be dedicated to fancy first-class options reminiscent of Emirates’ showers and Etihad’s residence suites. The smaller and extra environment friendly jets which have consigned the A380 to an early grave lack this additional area. It could be onerous to suit showers, as an illustration, within the new long-haul narrow-body jets now obtainable.

So Emirates will want one other option to get its passengers to pay additional—maybe by additional upgrading these cavernous lounges. Its lounge supervisor in Dubai sounds perplexed: “You must do one thing totally different to make firstclass price it.”

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Hong Kong Protesters Urge Foreign Governments to Confront Beijing at G-20 Summit

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HONG KONG—Bands of protesters urged overseas governments to confront Beijing on the G-20 summit over strikes they are saying infringe on town’s autonomy, a technique that dangers antagonizing China’s authorities and alienating broad public assist.

Wednesday’s persevering with demonstrations—involving just a few thousand principally younger activists, out of tens of millions of Hong Kongers who’ve marched in current weeks—distinction with a stepping again from the general public enviornment of town’s chief, Carrie Lam, who has sought to cut back unrest by suspending a controversial extradition legislation and by taking a more-tolerant method to the protests in current days.

Opposition techniques have ranged from occupying authorities places of work to besieging police headquarters. On Wednesday, they descended on overseas consulates to ship petitions asking world leaders, together with President Trump, to “urgently intervene” on Hong Kong’s behalf. An internet crowdsourcing effort to put ads in worldwide newspapers raised greater than $700,000.

By disrupting public life after authorities officers mentioned the extradition invoice was successfully lifeless, opposition teams danger turning the tide of public assist they’d constructed towards the invoice, which might enable for trial of suspects on the mainland and which initially sparked the protests. The litmus take a look at of broader backing for the opposition will come July 1, the anniversary of Hong Kong’s 1997 handover again to Chinese language rule and historically a day the place individuals of all stripes take to the streets.

Wednesday’s demonstration was timed to stress Beijing forward of a G-20 summit in Osaka, Japan.


Photograph:

Getty Photographs

“The best way to make the motion develop into accountable and to not provoke the general public sentiments has develop into a problem for the protesters,” mentioned Ivan Choy, a senior lecturer at Chinese language College of Hong Kong’s authorities and public administration division. “The longer these actions proceed, the bigger the potential for public backfire, particularly if the federal government is restrained and in addition keen to offer additional concessions.”

Mrs. Lam’s resistance to withdrawing the invoice outright has did not quell demonstrations that the federal government is searching for to maintain a lid on, partly to forestall embarrassment for Beijing as China’s leaders grapple with greater points, such because the commerce struggle with the U.S. and an financial slowdown.

China’s overseas ministry mentioned Wednesday it wouldn’t enable dialogue of the difficulty on the Osaka assembly. “The G-20 is a discussion board for financial cooperation,” spokesman Geng Shuang mentioned. “We is not going to agree to incorporate Hong Kong on the agenda.”

“The Chinese language authorities would now favor to chill issues down a bit,” mentioned Minxin Pei, a professor at Claremont McKenna School who research U.S.-China relations. “For Beijing, the disaster in Hong Kong is a distraction.”

The outcry over China’s rising authority within the metropolis has emboldened a technology of protesters, who’re switching up techniques to stress the federal government, counting on social media to prepare and with no central leaders. That’s elevating the stakes for Hong Kong authorities: methods to tackle a diffuse and sprawling political motion whereas adopting a hands-off technique to keep away from inflaming tensions.

Hong Kong Chief Government Carrie Lam introduced the indefinite suspension of a controversial invoice that may enable for suspects to be extradited to China. Photograph: AP Photographs

Throughout town, authorities occasions have been canceled. The goal is to reduce potential battle, mentioned an individual acquainted with the federal government’s pondering. Mrs. Lam hasn’t been seen in public since apologizing Tuesday of final week. A gaggle of her advisers canceled their common assembly this Tuesday.

On Monday, after protesters flooded authorities buildings, inflicting delays in tax filings, a authorities spokesperson mentioned in a information launch that it “respects the general public’s proper to procession and meeting” and appealed to protesters to behave peacefully and rationally.

A whole lot of younger demonstrators—some sporting “Liberate Hong Kong” shirts—went from consulate to consulate Wednesday delivering petitions. Messages in social media teams and on banners have begun to spiral into a spread of calls for, from higher democracy to police being held accountable for the usage of tear fuel and rubber bullets to disperse a June 12 demonstration.

The Civil Human Rights Entrance, which organized two large road marches this month that they mentioned drew report crowds, deliberate Wednesday’s rally. The group has advocated peaceable protest, although others have adopted extra confrontational techniques reminiscent of defacing police headquarters and shuttering authorities places of work. Late Wednesday, hundreds once more surrounded police headquarters, blockading roads.

“A leaderless motion generates extra uncertainty for the federal government and forces it to listen to the individuals’s request,” mentioned Joshua Wong, one of many leaders of mass pro-democracy protests in 2014 often known as the Umbrella Motion. “Each citizen on this protest could possibly be a facilitator of this motion.”

Hong Kong has seen its share of political turbulence since its handover from Britain in 1997. 5 years in the past town was divided by the Umbrella Motion, a student-led motion that garnered assist from many within the metropolis’s center class however which progressively ebbed as Beijing did not yield to their calls for for higher democracy within the metropolis. Protesters lingered for months, largely undisturbed by law enforcement officials, and the general public started to develop indignant. The opposition finally fractured and was picked aside by town’s authorities.

Comparable views started to floor throughout the previous week after hundreds surrounded police headquarters Friday, some throwing eggs and plenty of sporting helmets and masks in anticipation of clashes with police that by no means occurred.

John Wu, who works at a marble retailer alongside the route of current mass marches, mentioned that whereas he partly supported the demonstrators’ trigger, he was annoyed as he mentioned it affected demand at his retailer.

“These protests are each good and unhealthy,” he mentioned, shaking his head.

One opposition group known as the Civil Human Rights Entrance has advocated peaceable protest, although others have adopted extra confrontational techniques.


Photograph:

jerome favre/Shutterstock

Write to Natasha Khan at natasha.khan@wsj.com

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Does Fluffy Really Want to Be an Adventure Cat?

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On a cool, partly cloudy day in October 2017, Malaya Fletcher was about to go mountaineering close to a cabin in Pennsylvania. The one factor left to do was to get her cat, Copurrnicus, into his harness. When Ms. Fletcher secured the harness, the feline went motionless, and thudded on the bottom.

Ms. Fletcher had just lately adopted the assured and curious Copurrnicus. He appeared to have the right mixture of traits for having fun with outside adventures.

He grew accustomed to the harness and leash indoors, however when Ms. Fletcher examined the waters within the wild for the primary time, it appeared that Copurrnicus forgot tips on how to be a free-roaming cat.

Ms. Fletcher is amongst many cat homeowners just lately impressed to coach their cats to go on adventures, together with mountaineering, canoeing or climbing. Greater than 285,000 posts on Instagram carry the #adventurecat tag — one other signal that many felines, accustomed to prowling indoors, are being led on leashed walks exterior by their homeowners.

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The pattern of re-wilding home cats into journey cats and outside cats typically, “shakes you out of your sense that cats are simply at-home pets and completely thrilled with it, as a result of they aren’t,” mentioned Frank McMillan, a cat conduct researcher at Finest Mates Animal Society.

“Cats are extra succesful than you suppose,” added Laura Moss, who wrote “Journey Cats: Dwelling 9 Lives to the Fullest,” a information to coaching felines for journey that some homeowners of leashed cats say impressed them to carry their pets into the good open air.

However is it a good suggestion to place a feline on a leash and harness when they’re accustomed to shifting round in response to their very own agenda? Can imposing our wishes for a cat to tackle a task just like that of a canine presumably be dangerous to the animal?

The literature is scant on whether or not or not taking a cat on a stroll or for a extra intensive outside exercise is an efficient expertise for both the cat or human. “Now we have to depend on what we all know in regards to the housecat’s growth, socialization and territoriality to assist inform whether or not or not it is a good concept,” mentioned Mikel Delgado, a cat conduct researcher at College of California, Davis Faculty of Veterinary Medication.

Every cat has its personal pursuits, persona, and background — all of which provides as much as both eager to be exterior or not, mentioned Dr. McMillan.

One cat proprietor in Portland, Ore. — who requested to not be recognized to protect her privateness from sufferers she works with — has tried for a yr to stroll her “unhealthy boys.” She’s been in a position to take her cats out on leashes, however has hardly made it previous her driveway with out one in every of them operating up a tree and the opposite wanting to return inside.

Ollie, a well-socialized two-year-old rescue cat in Washington was glad to wander exterior on the open patio of her proprietor, Laurel Hamers, after it had snowed. However when Ms. Hamers put a harness on her later the identical day, Ollie acted as if she had no real interest in going exterior, and even appeared freaked out by the snow.

Cats have a repute of being impartial. They’re believed to have domesticated themselves hundreds of years in the past, as an alternative of being purposefully domesticated by people. So placing them in harnesses for a stroll could be particularly difficult if it’s one thing they don’t need to do.

Some cats appear extra more likely to take to being on a harness, mentioned Dr. Delgado. They’re normally effectively socialized and in a position to face up to modifications of their atmosphere with out making a lot of a fuss towards strangers. When they’re very younger, between two and 9 weeks previous, cats can most simply be socialized to be extra open to new individuals and experiences. Cats past this age can nonetheless be socialized, however it could be harder and require extra time.

Felines are additionally territorial and like routine. So “the thought of taking cats to totally different territories at totally different instances” — whether or not it’s totally different spots inside your neighborhood or out within the mountains — “is counterintuitive to what we learn about cats,” mentioned Dr. Delgado.

All informed, which means cat homeowners must be attuned to indicators of stress. However cats, could be tough to learn. Some burdened cats would possibly retreat to a hiding place and keep completely quiet. Others would possibly swing towards the opposite excessive and act hyperactive. When individuals don’t know that there are alternative ways for a cat to precise emotions of misery, indicators of pleasure is perhaps misinterpret and that would injury the cat, mentioned Dennis Turner, a cat psychologist.

A 2013 examine confirmed that stressors — reminiscent of unfamiliar caretakers, feeding delays or much less play time — could cause medical and behavioral points in cats. Even wholesome cats began vomiting, modified their consuming habits or stopped utilizing their litter field when burdened.

Should you do attempt to practice your cat, consultants recommend attaching a leash to a harness as a result of pulling instantly on the neck of a cat could be damaging for the animal. It’s necessary to start out slowly, Dr. Delgado mentioned. Put the harness on the ground so the cat can sniff it, and depart treats close by. Drape it over the cat’s physique, so he can get used to the load of it. Cats would possibly initially affiliate the harness with being grabbed. Take it off, and provides them some treats to desensitize them to the load of the harness. Then stroll them round indoors with it on, earlier than taking them exterior.

Coaching could fail. Some vets and researchers say it could take time and persistence. In case your cat by no means adapts, homeowners can create a extra stimulating atmosphere indoors by constructing vertical area or enjoying video games.

Regardless of the preliminary misgivings, Copurrnicus has grown accustomed to the harness. Since his first hike Ms. Fletcher has introduced him tenting, kayaking and mountain climbing.

She says it’s not solely in regards to the companionship.

On one wet tenting journey, she watched Copurrnicus watch the rain slide down the tent for what appeared like an hour.

“It was cool to note small issues like that, and see the world via his perspective,” she mentioned. “However I might additionally inform he was actually snug: he thinks the tent is residence.”

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