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San Francisco moves to ban sale of e-cigarettes

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E-Cigarette Ban

In a landmark transfer, San Francisco simply turned the primary U.S. metropolis to ban e-cigarettes final evening. The invoice will go into impact 30 days after the mayor indicators it — mayor London Breed has already indicated she is going to — and begin being enforced seven months after that.

“We spent the ’90s battling Massive Tobacco and now we see the brand new type in e-cigarettes,” Supervisor Shamann Walton, who co-authored the invoice instructed the San Francisco Chronicle. “I’m not going to place the earnings of Massive Tobacco over the well being of younger folks.”

It’ll additionally need to be run via the Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) and that may not occur till 2022, the deadline the FDA issued to e-cigarette firms.

Up in Smoke

The controversial and unprecedented transfer has loads of critics. Chief amongst them is Juul, the most important vendor of e-cigarette merchandise within the U.S., who additionally calls the town their house.

A separate invoice, seemingly geared toward firms like Juul, additionally bars any e-cigarette firm from renting area on company-owned land. Juul nonetheless would nonetheless be permitted to maneuver into their new high-rise in San Francisco as that invoice isn’t retroactive.

Juul has already been trying to overturn the ruling. With sufficient signatures, the corporate may overrule the Board of Supervisors’ laws in November, because the Chronicle factors out.

Massive Tobacco

Tobacco cigarettes are nonetheless kicking round, regardless of the ban. “On the face of it, it’s ludicrous that we’d ban e-cigarettes, however allow the sale of tobacco and hashish,” Steven A. Schroeder, professor of well being on the College of California, San Francisco instructed The New York Occasions. “It’s actually sensible politics however doubtful public well being.”

READ MORE: San Francisco Bans Sale of Juul and Different E-Cigarettes [The New York Times]

Extra on smoking: Gene-Edited, Much less Addictive Tobacco May Assist You Stop Smoking

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Urban Farming

Some storms are so strong they shake the ocean floor, says study

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Seismic Thriller

It’s simple to see the affect an off-coast storm has on the water’s floor. However in keeping with a brand new research, extreme storms can really shake the ocean flooring as effectively, inflicting “stormquakes” — a beforehand unknown phenomena that solves a seismic thriller.

Scientists already knew previous to this research that the ocean produces seismic alerts. However whereas a few of these alerts could possibly be defined by the ocean’s waves, there was a band of alerts that occurred at a frequency between 0.02 and 0.05 hertz that have been seemingly inexplicable.

Climate Connection

It was these alerts that the U.S.-based researchers behind this new research, which was printed within the journal Geophysical Analysis Letters on Monday, sought to clarify — and after analyzing almost 10 years’ price of seismic information, they seen an odd sample rising.

“[The signals] have been seasonal,” researcher Wenyuan Fan instructed Science Information. “Earthquakes do not need seasonality. However climate does.”

That led the crew to the invention that the shaking of the ocean flooring coincided with the raging of a storm above it.

Good Storm

Nonetheless, a storm alone isn’t sufficient to trigger a stormquake — the seafloor beneath the storm must be simply the best form, too.

“It’s one thing concerning the form — or the bathymetry — of the seafloor interacting with these massive ocean waves which might be produced throughout storms,” researcher Wendy Bohon instructed Motherboard. “You’re getting some type of vitality aid that’s beating on the seafloor in a selected approach, and people waves are shifting out in all instructions as coherent packages which we’re then in a position to detect utilizing seismometers.”

READ MORE: Scientists Uncover a New Phenomena Referred to as ‘Stormquakes’ [Motherboard]

Extra on earthquakes: This “Peeling” Tectonic Plate May Trigger Catastrophic Earthquakes

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Urban Farming

Square Roots opens new indoor farm in partnership with Gordon Food Service in Michigan – Urban Ag News

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Sq. Roots formally opens their latest indoor farm, in partnership with Gordon Meals Service—one of many largest meals service distributors in North America. As step one of their strategic relationship, they’ve collectively created a brand new Farm Campus on the Gordon Meals Service Residence Workplace in Michigan—with a a lot bigger ambition to construct indoor farms throughout the continent collectively.

Renderings of the brand new Sq. Roots Farm Campus, rising native meals for Gordon Meals Service clients all 12 months spherical. (Credit score: Through Chicago Architects + Diseñadores)

Sq. Roots’ partnership with Gordon Meals Service was introduced on the finish of March, and their first co-located farm is opening simply six months later. This velocity is feasible because of their modular, scalable farm-tech platform. They’ll convey their mannequin—perfected in a Brooklyn car parking zone—to any metropolis on the planet, and quick.

As their community of farms will get bigger, it additionally will get smarter. Cloud-connected farms and data-empowered farmers be taught from one another, enabling Sq. Roots to duplicate success from one location to a different, seamlessly. Opening the Michigan farm brings them nearer to the imaginative and prescient of a distributed community of indoor farms, bringing native, actual meals to individuals in cities internationally—whereas empowering 1000’s of next-gen leaders in city farming by way of their distinctive coaching program.

The Sq. Roots Michigan Subsequent-Gen Farmers

Meet the Sq. Roots Michigan Cohort (left to proper): Rebekah Field, Winn Hermanski, Katie LaRue, Savie Sonsynath, Jacob Smaby, Jarad Jaent, Joshua Van Kleeck, Alyssa Patton, Amal Jennings.

The New Michigan Farm

This new farm consists of ten cloud-connected Sq. Roots Local weather Containers, using subtle, digitally-controlled hydroponics and full-spectrum LED lighting techniques from our associate Signify. It can produce greater than 50,000 lbs of premium herbs and greens yearly. Preliminary crops will embrace basil, chives, and mint — harvested all 12 months lengthy — and can be grown with out using GMOs or pesticides. After being hand-harvested by the Sq. Roots farm staff, herbs are distributed by Gordon Meals Service to clients in Grand Rapids, in addition to all through Michigan, northern Indiana, and Ohio.

In fact, on the middle of the Sq. Roots mannequin are the farmers themselves. It’s their love for every plant that makes the meals style so good. The Subsequent-Gen Farmer Coaching Program supplies a novel alternative for younger individuals to get began within the trade and take their place on the forefront of city agriculture. Former Subsequent-Gen Famer, Eli Zimmer, is becoming a member of the Michigan staff as Assistant Farm Supervisor. His development to farm administration is only one instance of the Subsequent-Gen Farmer Coaching Program creating pathways to management roles for younger farmers.

Assistant Farm Supervisor Eli Zimmer (left) and Subsequent-Gen Farmers (proper) working in Sq. Roots’ climate-controlled, indoor farms.

Sq. Roots Subsequent-Gen Farmers

Sq. Roots Cofounder and CEO, Tobias Peggs, famous, “This partnership with Gordon Meals Service displays our shared dedication to native, actual meals, and at a scale that can serve individuals and communities throughout North America. And with every new Sq. Roots farm, the Subsequent-Gen Farmer Coaching Program opens doorways for extra younger individuals to start out thrilling careers within the agriculture trade.”

Because the Sq. Roots Michigan Farm Campus ramps up manufacturing to convey domestically grown meals to individuals within the Michigan space, they are going to be asserting methods to fulfill the native farmers and see the campus first hand.

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Urban Farming

Early History of Indoor Agriculture & Associated Technology Development – Urban Ag News

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By Dr. Cary Mitchell (Purdue College)

This month’s Indoor Ag Science Café was in regards to the historical past and present expertise standing of indoor farming. The start appears to be in Syracuse, NY, the place Normal Electrical developed an indoor hydroponic farm funded by DoD in 1973. Then there was a big business indoor farm for leafy greens in Dekalb, IL, owned by Normal Mills, which was closed in 1990s. The longest survived stands out as the one in Japan (TS Farm by Kewpie Co.) the place they use HID lamps and aeroponics since 1989. Most vital technological enchancment are two methods – one in lighting and one other in rack/shelving methods. Dr. Mitchell additionally launched the contributions that NASA indoor farming research revamped previous 30+ years, as one of many contributors within the area.

Indoor Ag Science Café is supported by USDA SCRI grant program and designed to create a precompetitive communication platform amongst scientists and indoor farming professionals. The Café displays can be found from YouTube channel.   Contact Chieri Kubota on the Ohio State College (Kubota.10@osu.edu) to be a Café member to take part. 

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