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San Francisco moves to ban sale of e-cigarettes

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E-Cigarette Ban

In a landmark transfer, San Francisco simply turned the primary U.S. metropolis to ban e-cigarettes final evening. The invoice will go into impact 30 days after the mayor indicators it — mayor London Breed has already indicated she is going to — and begin being enforced seven months after that.

“We spent the ’90s battling Massive Tobacco and now we see the brand new type in e-cigarettes,” Supervisor Shamann Walton, who co-authored the invoice instructed the San Francisco Chronicle. “I’m not going to place the earnings of Massive Tobacco over the well being of younger folks.”

It’ll additionally need to be run via the Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) and that may not occur till 2022, the deadline the FDA issued to e-cigarette firms.

Up in Smoke

The controversial and unprecedented transfer has loads of critics. Chief amongst them is Juul, the most important vendor of e-cigarette merchandise within the U.S., who additionally calls the town their house.

A separate invoice, seemingly geared toward firms like Juul, additionally bars any e-cigarette firm from renting area on company-owned land. Juul nonetheless would nonetheless be permitted to maneuver into their new high-rise in San Francisco as that invoice isn’t retroactive.

Juul has already been trying to overturn the ruling. With sufficient signatures, the corporate may overrule the Board of Supervisors’ laws in November, because the Chronicle factors out.

Massive Tobacco

Tobacco cigarettes are nonetheless kicking round, regardless of the ban. “On the face of it, it’s ludicrous that we’d ban e-cigarettes, however allow the sale of tobacco and hashish,” Steven A. Schroeder, professor of well being on the College of California, San Francisco instructed The New York Occasions. “It’s actually sensible politics however doubtful public well being.”

READ MORE: San Francisco Bans Sale of Juul and Different E-Cigarettes [The New York Times]

Extra on smoking: Gene-Edited, Much less Addictive Tobacco May Assist You Stop Smoking

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Urban Farming

Making the switch to hemp—what should you consider? – Urban Ag News

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Now that it’s authorized to develop hemp within the U.S., greenhouse vegetable and decorative plant growers are contemplating whether or not it is smart to change crops.

The Agriculture Enchancment Act of 2018, generally known as the 2018 Farm Invoice, has legalized the manufacturing of hemp. The Agricultural Advertising and marketing Service (AMS) is the lead USDA company to manage the brand new USDA Hemp Manufacturing Program. AMS, which is creating laws to implement the 2018 Farm Invoice provisions introduced within the June 24, 2019, Federal Register that it expects to launch a last rule in August

Growers in states which have already legalized hemp have been rising the crop in accordance with their state’s laws. Business guide John Dol at CannabiDol has been contacted by each greenhouse vegetable and greenhouse decorative plant growers about switching to each hemp and hashish.

“There are individuals who have been within the vegetable or decorative plant trade who’ve made the change,” Dol stated. “There are additionally individuals who have been rising hashish for a while and need to increase to a bigger manufacturing facility.

“One of many challenges just isn’t everybody has the flexibility/ability set from a managerial standpoint. Individuals within the greenhouse trade who’ve been uncovered to managing individuals, crop scheduling and facility administration have discovered it simpler to make the transition to giant scale hashish manufacturing. Nevertheless, particular hashish plant data shall be stronger with the standard trade gamers. I believe a mix of each these elements in a administration workforce will set a rising operation up for achievement.”

Variations in manufacturing scheduling

Dol stated evaluating decorative plant and vegetable manufacturing operations, the decorative growers have an edge with regard to planning as a result of many vine crop vegetable growers solely plant yearly.

“Greenhouse tomato growers plant their crops after which they mainly keep them,” he stated. “Many greenhouse tomato growers within the Northeast are going to provide a mono crop which implies planting in December or early January after which sustaining the identical crop till November. As soon as the crops are completed, the previous crops are eliminated, the greenhouses are cleaned and new crops are planted.

“Many greenhouse decorative growers produce a whole lot of various crops all year long. Equally with hashish there could also be six cycles per yr and there’s a lot extra planning concerned with it. By way of manufacturing scheduling, the transition to hashish ought to be simpler from the ornamentals aspect.”

Business guide John Dol stated greenhouse operators who’ve been uncovered to managing individuals, crop scheduling and facility administration ought to discover it simpler to transition to giant scale hashish manufacturing.

Dol stated relying on the hashish strains being produced, there could possibly be crop cycles each eight to 9 weeks. Longer cycle occasions can be found however will diminish general yield.

“Most greenhouse growers, each greens and ornamentals, purchase their starter crops from propagators,” he stated. “Usually, hashish growers should develop mom crops, minimize clones and develop vegetative crops earlier than flowering begins. These are all planning cycles that should coincide with the flower room schedule. Hashish manufacturing entails a number of develop rooms which makes the planning way more intense.”

Variations in labor depth

Relating to the variations in labor duties concerned with rising these crops, Dol stated producing hashish is between vegetable and decorative crops.

“The work that must be carried out with hashish is lower than what must be carried out with a greenhouse tomato crop,” he stated. “Producing a tomato mono crop for 10 months, the weekly labor duties embody pruning, reducing, deleafing and clipping each plant. That’s simply the upkeep labor that must be carried out on the crops. There’s additionally harvesting and packing.

“These tomato manufacturing actions occur from winter to fall 5 days per week. Throughout the summer time and early fall harvesting occurs six days per week. A 24-acre greenhouse might have 300,000 crops in it. That’s a variety of labor hours wanted to provide a tomato crop.”

John Dol stated the labor duties that should be carried out with hashish are lower than what must be carried out with greenhouse tomato crops.
Photograph courtesy of Colorado Hemp Undertaking

Dol stated with hashish crops there’s much less labor concerned as a result of there’s much less manipulation of the crops.

“There’s a lot much less labor concerned with hashish,” he stated. “With hashish as soon as the crops start to flower there could also be three deleafings, harvesting and packaging. Relying on the manufacturing technique, greater hashish crops take extra labor and growers might need to do decrease planting densities which entails having to bend the crops extra. I desire to have greater density plantings.”

Dol stated greenhouse decorative crops are the least labor intensive of the three crops.

“Except the decorative crops should be pinched, disbudded or handled with PGRs and/or pesticides, the crops are put within the greenhouse, allowed to develop after which come out on the different finish when their able to promote,” he stated.

Variations in pest management

Dol stated greenhouse vegetable growers trying to produce hashish have a bonus over decorative growers relating to illness and pest management.

“Greenhouse vegetable growers have the sting as a result of they’ve been uncovered extra to built-in pest administration utilizing biologicals and cultural strategies to treatment most of these points,” he stated. “Since tomatoes are ready-to-eat merchandise, most vegetable growers solely spray as a final resort. That is one thing that additionally has software in hashish manufacturing.”

Greenhouse vegetable growers making the change to hashish ought to have an edge with pest management as a result of they’re accustomed to utilizing extra built-in pest administration methods.
Photograph courtesy of Houweling’s Tomatoes

Dol stated with hashish the management strategies and merchandise are regulated by particular person states, which is without doubt one of the difficulties particularly for firms with multi-state operations.

“Some states are stricter than others,” he stated. “Some states might permit using pure oils like garlic oil or rosemary oil. Some states are permitting hashish growers to make use of what will be utilized to meals crops. One of many points is there hasn’t been a variety of product analysis carried out on hashish as a result of it has been an unlawful crop for such a very long time.

“For agricultural area crops there are numerous extra acres in manufacturing so there are extra pesticides and fungicides getting used than in greenhouses. Greenhouse growers have all the time had a more durable time getting merchandise registered as a result of there’s not as a lot cash in it for the businesses creating and labeling the merchandise. The hashish manufacturing area at the moment is far smaller than the greenhouse vegetable or decorative area. For the chemical firms it is extremely costly and time consuming to have a product reregistered or relabeled to be used on a selected crop. Now that hemp is authorized, I anticipate extra chemical firms shall be taking a look at re-registering their merchandise. If the hemp is used for medical cannabidiol (CBD), then the laws are going to be stricter than if the hemp is used for fiber to make clothes or another merchandise that aren’t ingested.”

Studying the nuances of rising

Dol stated he expects a lot of the greenhouse growers who need to begin producing hemp are doing it for the manufacturing of CBD.

“If a grower needs to be a year-round producer, in most climates some type of managed atmosphere is required,” he stated. “A greenhouse can be the easiest way to do this as a result of the atmosphere will be fully managed. For growers producing solely outside they could must develop on many extra acres to provide the identical quantity as in a greenhouse the place manufacturing can happen yr spherical. Water assets are used a lot much less in greenhouses. And from a product high quality/security perspective greenhouses supply way more safety.

“Hashish is a special plant than different crops that greenhouse vegetable and decorative growers have produced earlier than. The entire identical elements, together with gentle, water, vitamins and carbon dioxide which might be required with tomato or mum crops, would apply to hashish. It’s a matter of understanding what the crops want and likewise understanding from one hashish pressure to a different the wants could also be totally different. Most variations are in irrigation administration and crop length. There are nuances that should be realized for the totally different hashish strains.”

For extra: John Dol, CannabiDol, cannabidol420@yahoo.com. 

This text is property of City Ag Information and was written by David Kuack, a contract technical author from Fort Value, TX.

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Urban Farming

462: Molly Watson on Harvesting Garden Snails | UrbanFarmU

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462: Molly Watson on Harvesting Backyard Snails.

Turning backyard pests into edible treats.

 

Molly is the editor-in-chief of Edible Communities, the flagship web site for a community of 80+ hyper-local meals magazines throughout the US and Canada. She is the creator of Bowls! (2017) and Greens + Grains (2014), each from Chronicle Books, in addition to the forthcoming Ought to We All Be Vegan? out this fall (2019) from Thames & Hudson. She lives in San Francisco the place the winters really feel colder than her native Minnesota, it doesn’t matter what the native say.

Don’t miss an episode!
Click on HERE to join common podcast updates

Molly hates to backyard! She’s tried it, she needs to love it, however she simply doesn’t! She wrote about it a bit in her award-winning piece “Cooking’s Not for Everybody,” about how individuals shouldn’t should prepare dinner (backyard) to have high-quality, domestically grown, sustainable meals.

 

In This Podcast:

Her 9-year-old son needed to eat snails whereas in France, and as soon as residence he needed to eat the backyard snails too – so meals author Molly Watson did the analysis and discovered the right way to harvest and prepare dinner the snails they collected. Her all the way down to earth descriptions may help any gardener who questioned if the pests had an edible function. She additionally shares rather a lot about her analysis for her upcoming e-book about the right way to determine about being vegan.

Hear in and study:

She was a French Historian, however felt the tutorial life was not proper for her.
Tried being a meals author and cherished it, however couldn’t backyard
Backyard snails are the identical sort as escargot snails
Her 9-year-old son was fascinated by the considered consuming snails
Subsequent he needed to eat the backyard snails, so she did the analysis
The method to assist put together the snails for consuming
Cooking them in garlic butter
Tips to catching them within the backyard
Issues to be cautious of with snails
Couple methods to serve them
Extra about Edible Communities
Her early recipes on searching or foraging for a brand new meals
Why she hates to backyard
And the way cooking is straightforward as a result of she likes to prepare dinner
Extra about her e-book Ought to We All Be Vegan?
The Pythagorean Food regimen – what she discovered whereas researching for her upcoming e-book

In addition to:

Her failure – When touring along with her household in a small city and dragged them throughout making an attempt to make sure they’d a meal that met her meals author requirements
Her success – The truth that she helps herself as a author
Her drive – “The most typical type of despair shouldn’t be being who you’re” Søren Kierkegaard
Her recommendation – It’s only a cake

Molly’s Recipe on the City Farm Weblog

Backyard Escargot

Books written by Molly

Bowls!: Recipes and Inspirations for Healthful One-Dish Meals

Greens + Grains: Recipes for Deliciously Healthful Meals

Ought to We All Be Vegan?: A Primer for the 21st Century (The Large Thought Collection) 

Molly’s Ebook suggestions: 

Distinction by Pierre Bourdieu

Methods to attain Molly

www.urbanfarm.org/snails

Particular because of our sponsors:Gemplers Logogemplers.com/urbanfarm
(use code URBANFARM01)

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The Superfood Backyard Summit.
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Urban Farming

The city of Oakland votes to ban facial recognition

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Choose Out

On Tuesday night time, the town council of Oakland, California voted to ban the municipal use of facial recognition expertise inside its borders.

That makes Oakland the third U.S. metropolis to ban the high-tech surveillance device and the second to take action within the Bay Space, in keeping with CNET. San Francisco, California banned facial recognition in Might and Somerville, Massachusetts adopted swimsuit in June. It’s a pattern that exhibits that the folks of Silicon Valley are more and more uncomfortable with the creepy tech developed proper in their very own neighborhood.

Unproven Tech

Rebecca Kaplan, president of Oakland’s metropolis council, argued that facial recognition expertise was neither refined sufficient nor correctly regulated to be positioned within the palms of police and different legislation enforcement businesses, per CNET. She additionally cited how the expertise has been used to focus on minorities and different weak populations.

Oakland police pushed again towards the proposed ban, arguing for a watered-down model that may nonetheless permit some functions of the expertise, in keeping with CBS SF. However the metropolis council went with the unique, extra restrictive model.

Technically, a remaining vote with the Oakland Metropolis Council is scheduled for September 17, however given how this primary vote handed unanimously, it appears seemingly that the total ban will go into impact.

READ MORE: Facial recognition banned in one other metropolis [CNET]

Extra on tech bans: Tech Hub San Francisco First US Metropolis to Ban Facial Recognition

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